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The Green Path Forward: Nitrogen and Phosphorus Pollution

Nitrogen and phosphorus pollution has created more than 700 oxygen-depleted zones in our oceans compared to 45 in the 1960s. Sharks and other populations of large fish, which have already been endangered by overfishing, are at particular risk from low oxygen levels.

Coral are very sensitive to the rising ocean temperatures from global warming. The effects are exacerbated by nitrogen and phosporus pollution.

We already face a crisis in topsoil depletion. The excessive use of nitrogen and phosphorus fertilizers is making the problem worse.

Hunter 2020 is the first Presidential campaign to develop a plan to address nitrogen and phosporus pollution:



  • Negotiate a global ban on ships dumping wasterwater by 2025.

  • Negotiate a global ban on phosphates in detergents by 2025.

  • Treat wastewater to remove introgen and phosphorus by 2028 in the US and globally by 2032.

  • Eliminate nitrogen pollution from fossil fuels by moving to 100% renewable energy by 2030.

  • Reduce excess nitrogen and phosphorus in soils by 50% by 2032 and 100% by 2037 primarily by switching to organic farming and secondarily by increasing the efficiency of fertilizer use.

  • Reduce runoff agricultural nitrogen and phosphorus pollution by reducing meat consumption, especially beef.